As we have commented in previous posts, the choice of planting is very important to help a garden succeed in the future. We also recommend choose 8 table saw blade. The choice will be conditioned by the style that the landscaper uses in the design and the prevailing characteristics in each case, the main ones to consider are the following:
Space. There are species of different sizes, depending on the space available for growth, you should choose species and / or cultivars according to the place, in order to avoid problems in the future.
Exposure. The sun and its incidence vary depending on the area where we are going to develop the project. In Madrid, when the exposure is to full sun, plants that are not adapted to such strong radiation can burn very easily. On the contrary, if it is a shade exposure, in which the sun does not come directly at any time of the day, the plants that require a sunny exposure, can have problems of vigor and see their natural growth altered.
Soil texture. One of the biggest problems suffered by trees is root asphyxiation. In general we find altered soils, without good drainage. In these cases, the soil ends up flooding and the roots of the tree are at high risk of rotting, causing the death of the specimen. It is vitally important that the planting spaces have drainage to ensure that the roots will not have problems in the future.
PH of the soil. Depending on the PH of the soil, there will be species that will adapt better to the place than others. In Madrid, the Northwest area is land with higher acidity, and as we approach the South and East, the land decreases the acidity values, and increases the alkalinity. The gypsum soils are the most complicated, they retain water, expand when there is humidity and make it difficult for the roots to breathe.
Environmental humidity. The plants, depending on their origin, are used to a specific relative humidity. Madrid has a very dry climate, and many times, it is harmful for plants coming from colder climates or tropical climates. When plants live in very dry environments, the leaves, as a defense mechanism, lose leaf surface to limit evapotranspiration (the partial loss of leaf surface is not very harmful, if the situation continues and the leaf surface continues to decrease, the capture of energy and resources will also decrease, harming the correct development of the specimen).
Exposure to winds. It is very important to take into account the predominant winds. The wind can be very harmful to the plants, especially in dry climates like Madrid (with strong winds and environmental dryness; it is similar to putting a hair dryer in front of the plant).
Average temperature. Frosts are the most damaging as far as temperature is concerned. We must know the landscapes of Madrid and especially the garden environment. Knowing and understanding the surrounding landscape, we will be able to know the conditions to which the plants we select will be exposed.
If we want plants that do not stand up to frost, we must take special care in winter, covering the aerial part of the less resistant plants, in order to avoid that low temperatures cause great damage to them.
Aesthetic quality. The ornamental qualities are just as important as the characteristics above. Knowing how the tree will behave at each moment of the year allows us to compose changing spaces in which we can be surprised by its flowering, fructification, autumn coloration, bark coloring, etc
Within the ornamental qualities, there are some special ones like the texture of the leaves, the trunk, the aroma of the foliage, the flowers, etc) that deserve to be taken into account when choosing the tree species.
Selecting a tree is not choosing the name from a list, it is something more complex than that. To make a good decision, it is important to contemplate a multitude of factors with which to ensure that the chosen specimen will live well and bring interest, as a fundamental compositional element in the garden.